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An Introductory Study on China's Cultural Transformation in by Yunzhi Geng

By Yunzhi Geng

This booklet examines intimately the elemental trajectory of the cultural transformation and brings to gentle the extrinsic stipulations and intrinsic mechanisms concerned. It specializes in the interval from after the Opium Wars to the recent tradition move, because the New tradition circulate will be thought of a pivotal part within the cultural transformation of modern day China. the hot tradition stream was once a progressive eruption caused through the buildup of all of the new qualitative cultural elements because the Opium Wars. Superficially, the movement’s aim looked to be to overthrow the conventional tradition. yet in essence its precise goal was once to behavior an total “screening” of that tradition. The e-book elaborates a large number of issues during this context, together with: the ideological and cultural evolution following the Opium Wars; the urgent demanding situations confronted by means of “Zhong Ti”; the preliminary shaping of social, public and cultural areas and significant traits in ideological and cultural transformation on the finish of the Qing Dynasty; the political disarray and conflicts among the hot and previous ideology within the first years of the Republic; the increase of the hot tradition circulation; and the function of conservatism within the transition to a latest culture.

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25. 2 Learning the Best of Foreign Skills 35 completed in Shanghai in November 1861. Once the book was completed, it was presented to Zeng Guofan (1811–1872) with a request that Zeng write a preface. Copies of the book were passed around and perused by not a few officials and intellectuals engaged in Western affairs. Thus, while the book was officially published and distributed only in 1876, the main ideas in it had already influenced some officials and intellectuals before that year. ” Feng was one of those who had been awakened by the shame suffered by the country and people.

Beijing: Beijing Library Press. 48 Ibid, p. 186. “An Outline of Scholarship of the Qing Era,” Collected Works of Yinbingshi: Collection no. 34, p. 54. 49 Chapter 2 Evolution in Ideology and Culture After the Opium Wars and Up To the Westernization Movement At the juncture of the Ming and Qing dynasties, a certain amount of Western learning had spread through the upper levels of Chinese society and some slight changes had taken place in the ideological concepts of a small number of scholar-officials.

On the eve of the Opium Wars, it became increasingly obvious that a crisis was looming. Scholars such as Gong Zizhen (1792–1841) raised loud warnings in this respect. Born in a scholar-official family and highly erudite, Gong was well versed in both the so-called Han Learning and New Text, brimmed with talent and dynamism, and was well qualified for 45 Qian Daxin: “Notes from the Hall of Devotion to Studies,” Collected Writings from Qianxuetang, vol. 21. 3 Evolutions in Qing Dynasty Ideology, Academics, and Culture Prior to the.

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