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Adaptation and autonomy : adaptive preferences in enhancing by Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius

By Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius

This quantity gathers jointly formerly unpublished articles concentrating on the connection among choice version and autonomy in reference to human enhancement and within the end-of-life context. the price of person autonomy is a cornerstone of liberal societies. whereas there are various conceptions of the idea, it's controversial that on any believable realizing of person autonomy an self sustaining agent must keep in mind the stipulations that circumscribe its activities. but it has additionally been steered that permitting one’s innovations to impact one’s personal tastes threatens autonomy. whereas this phenomenon has bought a few consciousness in different parts of ethical philosophy, it has seldom been thought of in bioethics. This ebook combines for the 1st time the subjects of choice variation, person autonomy, and selecting to die or to augment human capacities in a different and entire quantity, filling an incredible wisdom hole within the modern bioethics literature.

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Sample text

First, the preference for taking the pill may have come about due to manipulative advertising, brainwashing, or other suspect causal mechanisms that make it clear that there was nothing agentive about the acquisition of the preference. In such a case, even if the agent endorses the content of the preference upon reflection, the reflection itself may be handicapped by, or be an artifact of, the state into which the agent has been manipulated, brainwashed, or otherwise had her agency removed through the formation of the preference.

Increased social connections, a leg-up in campus political races, etc. This person goes Greek for these reasons, and over time develops a strong preference for the Greek organization to which he or she belongs. In this case, the process that resulted in the preference was embarked upon for almost exclusively strategic or instrumental reasons. But we wouldn’t say that the resulting preference for the Greek organization to which this person belongs lacks normative authority. , Rush week, or whatever other “loyalty building” exercises one engages in) for other than instrumental reasons.

3 Adaptation, Autonomy, and Authority 37 process P, the end result of which is an adapted preference. Given the state of the world, or the state of my society, or some particular fact about me, it may be very clear that I cannot satisfy some preference of mine, or it may be good for me to develop some other preference more in line with the status quo. And if this is the case, I will have reason to engage P. But insofar as I have reason to engage P, it seems difficult to understand why I would regard P as a process unworthy of endorsement.

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