By Asami Miketa, Keywan Riahi, Richard Alexander Roehrl, Leo Schrattenholzer
Sustainable improvement and international weather swap have figured prominently in clinical research and foreign policymaking because the early Nineties. This ebook formulates know-how ideas that would bring about environmentally sustainable power platforms, in response to an research of worldwide weather switch matters utilizing the concept that of sustainable improvement. The authors specialise in environmentally appropriate, long term know-how advancements in the worldwide strength approach, whereas additionally contemplating facets of financial and social sustainability. The authors examine plenty of substitute situations and illustrate the variations among those who meet the standards for sustainable improvement and those who don't. because of their research, they determine a number of promising socio-economic and environmental improvement paths which are in step with sustainable improvement. One sustainable-development situation and its coverage implications are then awarded intimately from a expertise switch standpoint. The authors suggest formidable pursuits for know-how adoption which are judged to accomplish the specified socio-economic and environmental pursuits. even supposing the optimum coverage combine to pursue those ambitions is obviously country-specific, the authors recommend that energy-related R&D that results in know-how functionality advancements and the promoting of expertise adoption in area of interest markets are the coverage strategies with a purpose to yield the main major long term merits. Policymakers, economists and researchers engaged on sustainability, strength economics, and expertise swap and innovation will welcome this topical and hugely readable publication.
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Additional resources for Achieving A Sustainable Global Energy System: Identifying Possibilities Using Long-Term Energy Scenarios (Esri Studies Series on the Environment)
For the presentation in this book, we selected altogether 34 scenarios that have been developed and published by the ECS Program at IIASA since Energy–economy–environment scenarios at IIASA-ECS 25 1998. , 2001). Of the 34 scenarios, 13 were used for the cluster analysis described in the next chapter. The 34 scenarios can be classified into three subgroups. 6). In these sustainable-development scenarios, relatively low GHG emissions levels are achieved. Nineteen GHG mitigation scenarios. These scenarios explore cases in which the global atmospheric CO2 concentration is stabilized at various levels.
0ºC). ) (GtC) 48 Achieving a sustainable global energy system 35 A1G 30 A1C 25 Historical 20 High-impact scenarios A2 Scenario projections A1 15 B2 10 Stabilization scenarios (550ppmv) B1G 5 B1 0 1900 1950 2000 Year B1T Sustainable 2100 development scenarios 2050 Note: Actual data from 1850 to 1990 are according to Marland et al. (1999).
IIASA-WEC A3 As a member of the IIASA-WEC A family, the IIASA-WEC A3 scenario features high rates of economic growth and rapid technological progress, in particular of nuclear and renewable energy technologies results. Accordingly, fossil fuels are phased out for economic reasons rather than because of resource scarcity. IIASA-WEC C The IIASA-WEC C family of scenarios is optimistic about technology and geopolitics, assuming unprecedented progressive international cooperation focused explicitly on environmental protection and international equity.