By Iftekhar A Karimi, Rajagopalan Srinivasan
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The bill of material is represented by U ; that is each product j ∈ J is assembled of U ( j, c ) components of type c . Components that are not sold are inventoried; the inventory of a component c at time t is denoted I t (c ) . The planning horizon is infinite and future returns are discounted by a given discount factor γ . The purchase of each component is subject to a moderate lead-time l , which we assume to be identical across components. The order size cannot be changed once it is placed.
2006. Availability Management for Configure-to-Order Supply Chain Systems. PhD Dissertation. Pennsylvania State University. , D. Connors, T. P. Fasano, R. Lougee-Heimer and R. Wittrock. 2005. Applications of Implosion in Manufacturing. In: An, C. and H. ). Supply Chain Management on Demand. Springer. 97-115. , P. Kouvelis, Z. Tian. 2009. Dynamic pricing and inventory control of substitute products. Manufacturing and Service Operations Management, 11(2), 317-339. , M. M. J. Peters. 2009. Managing Product Availability in an Assemble-To-Order Supply Chain with Multiple Customer Segments.
5. Fuel Switching Different carbonaceous fuels have different heats of combustion depending on their composition. The lower heating value heat of combustion (product water remains as a vapor) per carbon atom can readily be estimated from the average "oxidation state" of carbon in the fuel which is turn can be estimated from the molecular formula and considering the constituents in the fuel that will be converted to a mass of water upon combustion. With this scheme, it is readily seen that the heat of combustion per carbon atom of natural gas is about twice that of coal, and that of most liquid hydrocarbon fuels lies about half way in between.